The biker’s equipment consists of many accessories; we begin to understand how to choose the helmet, the first and more important element of the biker’s kit.
The choice of the helmet isn’t accidental or a matter of appearance, everything depends on its use.
Let’s start with a distinction between three typologies of helmets.
There is also a fourth type (motocross) but I won’t speak about it now.
The first one is “Jet” type; this name derives from the helmets of jet pilots:
This helmet hasn’t a chin guard and has a big visor; it’s perfect for short trips with slow speed.
It is practical for daily commuting, and it’s usually employed in town; this helmet is fresh during summer but it’s freezing in winter.
The second type is “Full-face” helmet; it’s the opposite of jet one and the chin guard is one with the helmet shell:
It offers more protection from the air and in case of ground impact.
In Italian it’s called “integral helmet”; its comfort is better than jet helmet during cold seasons and it’s more silent, but during summer it isn’t as fresh as jet type.
The third one is “Modular” helmet: it’s a cross between jet and integral ones; the chin guard can be removed or lifted up:
Most manufacturers produce it with the double certification: J (Jet) and P (Integral).
This kind of helmet is the best choice for motorbike tourists: in fact, you can ride the bike with the chin guard open or closed, depending on the air temperature.
The helmet shell is the external “pod” of the helmet; constructors realize two or more size of it.
The more size they produce, the easier it is to find the perfect one for your head.
There is also a second shell, called “internal shell”, in polystyrene: it has a variable depth and manufacturers can realize every size.
The productors search a perfect compromise between the internal proportions and the biker’s size, to guarantee maximum protection and safety.
The aim is to offer a helmet that is comfortable and light; it’s also important to choose the correct size.
Now you know different the types of helmets and shells. In the next article we will understand what other features you need to know to make the best choice.